Forbidden forms of intercession
By: Mohamed Riswan
Praying to the dead, asking them for provisions and help, as is being done today. This is major form of Shirk, as Allah says:
“And invoke not besides Allah, any that neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).” [Noble Qur’an 10:106]
As for praying by the Messenger’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) name, such as saying: “O Lord by the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), heal me.” This is an innovation which was not practiced by the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) companions. When (‘Umar during his caliphate) sought the prayers of ‘Abbas – the Prophet’s uncle, as his closest living relative, he did not pray (for rain) seeking the intercession of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) after his death.
Prayer such as this could lead to Shirk if it is believed that Allah needs a human mediator such as a human prince or ruler, since this is comparing the Creator to His creation.
Imam Abu Hanifa said:
“I dislike supplication to Allah through anyone but Allah.” [Ad-Durr Al-Mukhtar]